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An endoscope is a medical instrument that aids a doctor in the examination of the interior associated with a hollow organ or cavity from the human body. Endoscope could be directly inserted in to the organ and consists of various parts like a rigid or flexible tube, optical fiber system, lens and eyepiece. Philipp Bozzini developed the very first endoscope in the year 1806 however this invention did not recognition till 1822 when William Beaumont used the equipment on a body. A major turning point within the use of endoscope was the use of electric light, which was available just for external use, but was soon produced for internal use such as the invention of hysteroscope by Charles David and further experiments by Hans Christian Jacobaeus.


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Who are Wolf and STORZ?

Georg Wolf would be a famous manufacturer from the rigid endoscope and was located in Berlin; he established his business in 1906 and in 1911, developed the Sussmann flexible gastroscope. Karl Storz set up business in 1945 and focused on manufacturing endoscope for E.N.T. specialists. In those days, the technology used for making endoscope was quite primitive but Storz had a brilliant plan. He used bright and cold light, which, when introduced in to the body cavity provided excellent visibility of the interiors as well as allowed documentation from the cavity or organ with the help of image transmission. This technological advance by Storz, paved the way for contemporary endoscopy and a combination of his engineering vision along with advances made by Harold Hopkins, an optical engineer, revolutionized the field of medical optics.

Who's Harold Hopkins?

Harold Horace Hopkins would be a world-renowned British physicist whose 'wave theory of aberrations' revolutionized the field of optical design especially that of medical optics. This theory provides key mathematical analysis, which is used by modern computers to produce high quality lenses. His notable inventions include zoom lenses, coherent fiber optics and also the rod-lens endoscope, which paved the way for keyhole surgery, a method which has helped huge numbers of people worldwide. Hopkins has gotten many prestigious accolades and awards and it has been nominated twice for Nobel Prize. In 2009, his son Kelvin Hopkins throw the Hopkins's building to the public, to create together both biomedical and pharmaceutical research bellow one roof from the University. Today, Hopkins stands for pursuit of excellence both in teaching and research.

Name some major inventions and improvements from Harold Hopkins

Certainly one of Harold's major inventions was the zoom lens, that they created after a request from BBC. These new lenses exposed a new arena for television images as well as paved the way for out of doors broadcasts and modern visual media. The 2nd among his notable inventions is the growth and development of fiber optics, fiberscope and endoscope. Fiber optics and fiberscope have revolutionized the medical and manufacturing industry. A partnership between Hopkins and Karl Storz resulted in the invention of rod-lens endoscope, which provide an exceptional performance for endoscopy and paved the way in which for keyhole surgery. Hopkins seemed to be in a position to bring about improvements to the laser disc and CD optical system by developing a mathematical analysis and calculated geometrical method, which played an enormous role in lowering the cost of CD players.

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